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Overview of the grant projects, resolved by the IA SAS

Grant projects VEGA, resolved by the IA SAS

Registration number: 2/0101/19

Project duration: 01. 2019-12. 2022

Project title: Technology and economics of raw materials in the context of the development of Postpaleolithic lithic stone industries in Slovakia.

Responsible person: Mgr. Adrián Nemergut, PhD.


The project deals with the study of lithic stone industries from the Mesolithic and Neolithic period in Slovakia. It uses new analytical procedures and methods which are focused on technology and raw material analysis. Evaluating new data from collections from older, but mostly from recent research, will give a new look at the dynamics of technological trends and economics of raw materials in Postpaleolithic industries.

Registration number: 2/0001/18

Project duration: 01. 2018- 12. 2021

Project title: Slovakia and the Middle Danube Region: development from the Early history to the Early Middle Ages

Responsible person: PhDr. Karol Pieta, DrSc.


Through a unified assessment of several historical periods this project aims at providing a comprehensive view on the development of Slovakia in comparison with the Middle Danube Region. It refers to successful results of previous projects implemented by this stable research team and relies on discoveries of Celtic, Germanic and Slavic centres in previous years that significantly enhanced interpretational skills of archaeology.

Aims of project:

The project is dedicated to the study of one of fundamental issues not only in Slovak archaeology, namely historical stages of the Central European indigenous, but also Celtic and Germanic settlement with its tribal and over-tribal power structure that in the early Middle Ages was replaced by the Slavic ethnic formation and its first forms of statehood. Archaeological research usually focus on a single civilisation environment and only rarely offers a more comprehensive perspective on the entire complex process and particularly on mutual relations between periods in economic, cultural and especially ethnic aspects. Exploring this extremely intricate and multi-layer model with scarce archaeological and historical sources is a time-consuming and organisationally challenging task that could be successfully resolved only through a long-term focus on crucial and partial, both theoretical and material, questions raised by this process. The great advantage of the Slovak research lies in significant discoveries of abundant in finds and exceptionally well preserved locations coming from the aforementioned periods (Celtic oppida, burial from Poprad, Slavic power centres) that through an arduous, interdisciplinary study make it possible to advance in comparing and understanding of individual social systems. Objectives of the project cover also basic processing of remarkably precious, yet often unanalysed material finds from important Slovak locations, searching for so far unknown finds and dating of critical constructional and other structures using methods of natural sciences. The proposed project, therefore, also continues conclusions of the previous one implemented by this research team.

Registration number:  2/0115/18

Project duration: 01. 2018-12. 2020

Project title: Metallurgy and non-ferrous metals use from late prehistory until early medieval age in area of Slovakia

Responsible person: PhDr. Ján Rajtár, CSc.


Project is focused on natural-scientific, non-destructive analysis of vast database of artefacts made of non-ferrous metals, dated from the late prehistory (urnfield cultures and hallstatt culture), through proto-history (laténe, roman and great migration periods), until the early medieval period. Aim is to gather relevant information about their composition, raw material sources and processing technologies. Gathered exact data, their evaluation and comparison will serve for identification, if the raw materials used for the artefacts´ creation were local, or were gathered from other, geographically and culturally more distant regions. Results of the analyses will help to evaluate the technical level of metallurgy and general usage of non-ferrous metals by historical cultures, their economic bonds but also various cultural and civilizational influences or transfer of technological experiences and processes.

Registration number: 1/0358/18

Project duration: 01. 2018-12. 2021

Project title: Roman fort at Iža and its position on the border of Pannonia

Responsible person:  prof. Klára Kuzmová, CS./PhDr. Ján Rajtár, CSc.


The purpose of the project is to process, interpret and publish results of the longstanding archaeological excavation of the Roman fort at Iža (distr. Komárno, SR). The fort, lying on the North-Pannonian frontier section, belonged to the border system limes romanus during the 2nd-4th cent. AD. The aim of the project is to document, analyse and interpret its architectural and development phases and selected collections of the finds from its area in a wider historical context. The project will be focused on the unique earth-and-timber phase of the fortification from the period of the marcomannic wars. The main output will be a serie of the thematic oriented monographs and studies. The results of the project will be presented at domestic and foreign conferences and to the public in a popularized form. The results will be also implemented into the classical archaeology study programmes of Trnava University.

Registration number: 2/0084/18

Project duration: 1.1.2018-31.12.2021

Project title: Development and changes of settlement structures of the Upper Tisza river basin in prehistory and early history

Responsible person: PhDr. Eva Horváthová, PhD.


The suggested project reviews the latest knowledge obtained in several domestic and international projects focused exclusively on investigation of the Slovak regions of the Upper Tisza river basin. Thus, it provides continuity of scientific research within the currently studied topics related to some factors influencing changes in the development of multicultural populations from the earliest Stone Ages to the early history in this geographical territory. Simultaneously, it compares selected environmental and social parameters of the dynamics of settlement in the Lučenec-Košice Depression, sets them in a wider cultural-historical context and studies suggested trends in settlement strategies.

Registration number: 2/0146/2018

Project duration: 01. 2018-12. 2021

Project title: Fords, bridges, waterways and settlement patterns in Považie and Ponitrie. Pilot project for utilisation of the archaeological underwater methods in Slovakia.

Responsible person: PhDr. Klaudia Daňová, PhD.


The presented idea is the pilot project focusing on the territory of Slovakia. Its ambition is to explore, document and evaluate the archaeological potential of the underwater enviroment, in cooperation with scientific partners. The selected area are the basins of rivers Váh and Nitra, which, in light of the previous findings, seem to be extremely perspective. However, amounts of technical works and vessels depicted on vedutas or historical maps, written sources and sets of solitary finds do not provide enough informations about their importance. The key to the detailed understanding of a river, as an important element in the life of every society, is its comprehensive research. The possible fulfilment of such research is presented in this project. It would like to bring new informations that will be useful for the future projects relating to communications and mobility of the society in different historical periods. The project draws attention to the protection of underwater cultural heritage in Slovakia.

Registration number: 2/0143/18

Project duration: 01/2018-12/2021

Project title: The medieval village and its background

Responsible person: PhDr. Peter Bednár, CSc.


The project focuses on processing newly acquired material sources concerning development of mediaeval villages in the territory of Slovakia. Its aim is to analyse and present results of more extensive field studies dedicated to the mediaeval rural settlement (Nededza, Figa, Trenčín-Biskupice, Nitra – Párovské Háje, etc.), feudal settlements (Figa), sacral buildings, cemeteries, and objects linked with an economic background of a mediaeval village (fields, roads, exploitation of natural resources in the surroundings of a village).

Registration number: 1/0399/18

Project duration: 1/2018-12/2021

Project title: Dynamics of the environmental changes and landscape development in the Bronze and Iron Age in the northern part of the Western Carpathians

Principal investigator: doc. Mgr. Mária Hajnalová, PhD. Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, sophy Constantine the Philosopher University, Nitra

Principal investigator deputy: Mgr. Lucia Benediková, PhD. Institute of Archaeology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Nitra


Palaeoecological and archaeo-environmental reconstruction of the dynamics of environmental changes and land-use in the Bronze and Iron Age in the northern part of the Western Carpathians with the aim to ascertain whether these changes are the result or the cause of changes in the subsistence of prehistoric populations.

Registration number: 1/0243/17
Project duration: 1/2017-12/2020
Project title: The Celts, the Romans, and the Germans. Rural and elite settlements.

Responsible person: doc. PhDr. Gertrúda Březinová, DrSc.


There is a wide range of settlement structures from La Tene and Roman Periods in western and central Slovakia. These vary due to their cultural, geographical, chronological and social characteristics. The goal of this project is to use case studies to analyse and better understand this diversity. Objects of this research are primarily German and Celtic settlements in the southwest of Slovakia and two Púchov-Culture settlements in the north of the country. The Quadic settlements of Roman period offer an opportunity to analyse the process of adaptation of Roman lifestyle by local nobility. Roman architecture north of Danube is an unprecedented phenomenon only observable in the cultural zone of Middle Danube Barbaricum.

Registration number: : 2/0107/17
Project duration: 1/2017-12/2020
Project title: Civilizačný vývoj a štruktúra osídlenia v období kultúry lineárnej na dolnom Požitaví

Responsible person: PhDr. Ivan Cheben, CSc.


Projekt je zameraný na spracovanie a vyhodnotenie nálezových celkov kultúry lineárnej a želiezovskej skupiny v povodí dolného toku Žitavy (od Vrábeľ po ústie do Nitry/Dunaja). Analýza keramiky vychádza z viacročného terénneho výskumu v Patinciach.

Registration number: 2/0072/16
Project duration: 1/2017-12/2020
Project title: Edícia archeologických prameňov z obdobia neolitu a eneolitu Slovenska II.

Responsible person: PhDr. Gabriel Nevizánsky, CSc.


Dokumentačné práce a analýzy nálezov z lokalít: Kamenín, Nitriansky Hrádok, Ožďany, Bajč, Nitra-Mlynárce (SONY), Michalovce-Hrádok, Prešov-Solivar.

Registration number: : 1/0411/16
Project duration: 1/2016-12/18
Project title: Štruktúra a dynamika osídlenia v závere eneolitu a v staršej dobe bronzovej v severozápadnej časti Karpatskej kotliny

Responsible person: prof. PhDr. Jozef Bátora, DrSc.


Na základe realizovaných terénnych výskumov a prieskumov a vyhodnotenia ich výsledkov aj v prostredí geografických informačných systémov priniesť relevantné informácie, ktoré umožnia poznať a definovať stratégiu, dynamiku a štruktúru osídlenia v závere eneolitu a v staršej dobe bronzovej v severozápadnej časti Karpatskej oblasti.

Registration number: 2/0175/16
Project duration: 01/2016-12/2019
Project title: Corpus hillforts from early Middle Ages in Slovakia

Responsible person: doc. PhDr. Matej Ruttkay, CSc.


Project is focused on a discinctive phenomenon during the early Middle Ages in Slovakia – Hillforts. The objective is to compile a monograph, vhich will contain significantly more knowledge, than is currently available. At the same time detailed field surveys will be conducted with the most detailed documentation, samples will be carefully selected for the dendrochronological, eventually 14C dating, geophysical survey.

Registration number: 2/0091/16
Project duration: 1/2016-12/19
Project title: Slovensko v dobe bronzovej – križovatka súvekých európskych civilizácií

Responsible person: PhDr. Ondrej Ožďáni, CSc.


Based on the results of new archaeological research excavations carried out on settlements, hill-forts and burial grounds in recent decades, and a comprehensive evaluation of previously unprocessed older and unpublished field activities, the project is focused to clarify historical situation in Slovakia in more detail in the direct context of development in neighbouring and remote areas of Central Europe in the Bronze Age.

Registration number: 2/0075/16
Project duration: 1/2016-12/19
Project title: Archaeological studies concerning Early Middle Ages

Responsible person: PhDr. Gabriel Fusek, CSc.


Multithematic project dealing with actual problematic of Early Medieval society in region of toda´s Slovakia and in wider geographical horizon of Eastern Central Europe. Confrontation of standard archaeological dating of early Slavic period with results of radiocarbon analyses. Graveyards as a source for knowing the interethnic relations and social levels of society in the period of Avar Khaganate. Publication of results in form of papers and monographs.