cvndp publikacie publikacie

A unique archaeological site from the Neolithic excavated by our archaeologists at Vráble

Uncovering of the skeletons (photo: M. Ruttkay, IA SAS).

The international research team of archaeologists composed of the experts from the Institute of Archaeology (SAS) and the Christian Albrecht’s Universität zu Kiel has researched one of the biggest Central-European settlement agglomerations dated to the Neolithic. The team has been excavating the site for 7 seasons. The settlement existed between 5250–4950 B. C. The three discovered settlements spread over the area of around 50 ha. One of them was fortified with one, maybe even two ditches in the last phase of settlement. This situation is very rare in Central Europe during the Neolithic. Geophysical research has revealed more than 300 long houses. The archaeologists estimate that 50-70 houses were used contemporarily in individual chronological phases.

Already in the past seasons, regular graves around and in the ditch were discovered, but the archaeologists also unearthed skeletons thrown in the bottom of the ditch. This year, an accumulation of human bones was uncovered in the trench near one of the entrances, from which at least 35 skeletons were recovered. The bodies lay in different positions – on the back, on the stomach, on the side, some were found in the stretched “frog position.” All individuals were without head, only one child skull and one mandible were discovered. Peri-mortem fractures were recorded on some of the bones.

The cummulation of human skeletons at the bottom of the ditch (photo: I. Cheben, IA SAS).

Only few accompanying findings were found at the bodies. An interesting found is represented by drilled human teeth, which could have been a component part of some amulets. So far it seems that there were many adolescents and young individuals buried in the trench.

Now, the international interdisciplinary team is about to perform a set of additional analyses which will help us to solve issues such as whether the individuals were intentionally killed, if they were victims of an epidemic event, represent the remains of cult ceremonies, whether they had some mutual genetic links to each other, if their heads were severed intentionally (cut off, chopped off) or post-mortem. Consequently, we will be able to solve other questions regarding social classification and emerging social differentiation in the conditions of early agricultural societies. And maybe we will be able to reconstruct the way the Neolithic society worked and reveal the reason of the fall of this extensive agglomeration.

 

Plan of one of the settlement entrances (photo: I. Cheben, IA SAS).

Authors of text: Ivan Cheben, Zuzana Hukeľová, Matej Ruttkay (Archeologický ústav SAV, v. v. i.), Martin Furholt, Maria Wunderlich (Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel)

 

Head of archaeological research representing the Institute of Archeology (SAS), Nitra: PhDr. Ivan Cheben, CSc.

Head of archaeological research representing the Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, Christian Albrecht’s Universität zu Kiel: Prof. Dr. Martin Furholt.

The research is carried out in the framework of projects DFG (CRC 1266), APVV a VEGA and with support of the Institute of Archeology (SAS)

Early Iron Age in Central Europe will take place in Nitra

On July 6–9 2022 the 4th international conference Early Iron Age in Central Europe will take place in Nitra.

4th international conference Early Iron Age in Central Europe

Programme for download here

 

V dňoch 6.–9. júla 2022 sa v Nitre uskutoční 4. medzinárodná konferencia Early Iron Age in Central Europe (Staršia doba železná v strednej Európe).

4. medzinárodná konferencia Early Iron Age in Central Europe

Program na stiahnutie tu

Diversity of Identities in Prehistory, Early History and Presence

Diversity of Identities in Prehistory, Early History and Presence

5Workshop

Institute of Archaeolog SAS, Nitra

Akademická 2, 94921 Nitra, Slovakia

29.-30. 10. 2018

The archaeology of personal identities has firmly established age, gender and status as relevant categories of investigation.

In 2016 we organized a workshop in Klement-Oberleis in Lower Austria under the topic of “Multiple femininities – multiple masculinities: the diversity of gendered identities in the Bronze and Iron Ages”. This year, as the final act of the SASPRO Project “Male Identities in La Tène Cemeteries in the Middle Danube Area”, it is time to expand the field from prehistory also to early history and our present days. Next to different “archaeological identities”, we want to ask about “Identity of archaeology”, hence the identity of archaeologists.

 

Preliminary Programme

 

logos-200-b-15abbbbbbbbbbbbb

Ancient Communities and their Elites from the Bronze Age to Late Antiquity

It is a great honour to invite you to participate in our conference, which will be focused on archaeological aspects and on topics concerning ancient history and history of art and religion.

International conference organized on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the re-established Trnava University in Trnava and the 20th anniversary of the Department of Classical Archaeology with cooperation Institute of Archaeology SAS

 

Programme

 

fresky

Multiple femininities – multiple masculinities the diversity of gendered identities in the Bronze and Iron Ages

Do 29.09.2016 10:00 – Fr 30.09.2016 15:00

Workshop Schüttkasten Klement, Klement 1, 2116 Ernstbrunn, Austria

Katharina Rebay-Salisbury, Peter C. Ramsl

Multiple femininities – multiple masculinities

the diversity of gendered identities in the Bronze and Iron Ages

Ramsl konferenciaThe archaeology of personal identities has firmly established age, gender and status as relevant categories of investigation. Beyond the recognition that not all women and men led identical lives, however, there has been little effort to unravel the diversity of gendered lives. Women’s lives may have differed significantly according to their reproductive status – whether they were infertile, had few or many surviving children. Craft specialists of both genders may have led lives that took them away from their communities and brought them into contact with different ways of living. Similarly, medical or ritual specialists of both genders may be integral to many societies. Further, the mechanisms by which men turned into warriors are still little understood – was being a warrior part of every man’s lifecycle, was this particular identity restricted to a certain age group or class, or were other selection mechanisms at play? Some aspects of personal identity may not be gendered at all. Was gender relevant for making pots or taking care of children?

Read more